Das Wetter für 10 Tage für Berlin, der Wetterbericht sowie die 9-Tages Wetter für den Berlin. So wird das Wetter für 10 Tage in Berlin in Berlin. Wie wird das Wetter heute in Berlin? Temperatur-, Wind- und Regenvorhersage, sowie aktuelle Wetterwarnungen finden Sie auf nubermuda.nu für Berlin. Wetter Berlin - Wettervorhersage für Berlin aktuell und detailliert. Mit dem Tage und dem Tage-Wetter, Biowetter, Pollenflug und vielem mehr!.
Turkish and Arab immigrants brought their culinary traditions to the city, such as the lahmajoun and falafel , which have become common fast food staples.
The modern fast food version of the doner kebab sandwich evolved in Berlin in the s, and became a favorite in Germany and elsewhere in the world.
Zoologischer Garten Berlin , the older of two zoos in the city, was founded in It is the most visited zoo in Europe and presents the most diverse range of species in the world.
With an area of 43 hectares acres and around 22, different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world.
The Volkspark in Friedrichshain , which opened in , is the oldest park in the city, with monuments, a summer outdoor cinema and several sports areas.
Potsdam is situated on the southwestern periphery of Berlin. The city was a residence of the Prussian kings and the German Kaiser , until The area around Potsdam in particular Sanssouci is known for a series of interconnected lakes and cultural landmarks.
Berlin has established a high-profile as a host city of major international sporting events. In around , Berliners were registered in one of the more than 2, sport and fitness clubs.
Forty-seven elite athletes participated in the Summer Olympics. Berliners would achieve seven gold, twelve silver and three bronze medals.
Several professional clubs representing the most important spectator team sports in Germany have their base in Berlin:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 9 November This article is about the capital of Germany.
For other uses, see Berlin disambiguation. State of Germany in Germany. History of Berlin and Timeline of Berlin. West Berlin and East Berlin.
Berlin Mitte landmarks from left to right seen from Victory Column: Mitte , the historical center: Unter den Linden boulevard in the foreground, high-rise buildings of Potsdamer Platz up to the right.
List of sights in Berlin and List of tallest buildings in Berlin. Humboldt Forum is a large-scale museum project, which will have its seat in the reconstructed Berlin Palace.
The palace is currently being rebuilt, with completion expected in Reconstruction under way, Model of how the finished reconstruction of Humboldt Forum will look.
German language and Berlinerisch dialect. Politics of Berlin and Berlin Police. Boroughs and neighborhoods of Berlin. List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany.
List of sights in Berlin. The Berlin Fashion Week. IFA is the world's leading trade show for consumer electronics. List of films set in Berlin.
Radio and telecommunication in Berlin. Universities and research institutions in Berlin. The Berlinale is the largest international spectator film festival.
List of museums and galleries in Berlin. Invented in Berlin, currywurst is an icon of German popular culture and cuisine. Berlin portal Germany portal European Union portal.
Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg in German. Retrieved 22 February Vehicles were registered under the following prefixes: Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 9 October Retrieved 21 November German.
Retrieved 18 August German Embassy in Washington. Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 11 April The New York Times.
GaWC Research Bulletin Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 28 August Geographische Namen in Deutschland.
Retrieved 1 January Hausreste aus dem Jahr entdeckt". Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 12 June Retrieved 11 June Verlag CH Beck, Archived from the original on 7 August Verein für die Geschichte Berlins e.
Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 11 February Gunther Plaut 1 January Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture.
Edition Luisenstadt Berlin, Nr. Ideas, Politics, and Society. Lewis 15 February Staff; Harvard Student Agencies, Inc.
The Student Travel Guide. Paul Strassmann 15 June Science, Politics and Migration in Turbulent Times — The Rough Guide to Berlin.
Retrieved 8 April The Quadripartite Agreement of September 3, ". Retrieved 20 November Der höchste Berg von Berlin ist neuerdings in Pankow , 22 February Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 7 April World Weather Information Service.
Retrieved 20 May Berliner Zeitung in German. Senate Department of Urban Development. Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 5 December Berlin zählt mehr Einwohner".
Berliner Morgenpost in German. Retrieved 29 December Retrieved 19 August Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 29 September Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner im Land Berlin am Dezember " [Statistical Report: Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 6 April Retrieved 10 February Die Welt in German.
Retrieved 2 June Christian Hanke ist Schirmherr" Press release. Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 4 August Berlin will illegalen Einwanderern helfen — Deutschland — Politik — Tagesspiegel".
Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 29 July Juni PDF; kB. Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. Retrieved 10 May Die kleine Berlin-Statistik Retrieved, 4 January Archived 4 September at the Wayback Machine.
January 10 Märch " PDF. Retrieved 13 June Retrieved 20 September Der Landeswahlleiter für Berlin in German. Archived from the original PDF on 23 March Landler, Mark 23 September Retrieved 16 November Retrieved 29 August Archived from the original on 9 August Retrieved 14 August Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 23 August Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 27 March Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 1 November Retrieved 16 February Archived from the original PDF on 14 July Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 6 June Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 30 November Archived from the original on 2 June Archived from the original on 14 April Retrieved 14 February Amt für Statistik Belrin Brandenburg in German.
Retrieved 28 March Berliner HBF in German. Accessed 14 February Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 22 March Senate Department of urban development.
Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 19 December Der Tagesspiegel in German. Retrieved 18 December Archived from the original on 20 May Archived from the original on 15 June Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 6 May Archived from the original on 12 October Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 20 April Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 8 June Technische Universität Berlin Centre for Entrepreneurship.
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Archived from the original on 11 December Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 11 September Archived from the original on 14 July Low chance of precipitation.
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Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and science. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination.
Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.
With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex , Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.
Berlin lies in northeastern Germany, east of the River Saxon or Thuringian Saale , that once constituted, together with the River Elbe from their confluence onwards , the eastern border of the Frankish Realm.
While the Frankish Realm was primarily inhabited by Germanic tribes like the Franks and the Saxons , the regions east of the border rivers were inhabited by Slavic tribes.
This is why most of the cities and villages in northeastern Germany bear Slavic -derived names Germania Slavica.
Typical Germanised place name suffixes of Slavic origin are -ow , -itz , -vitz , -witz , -itzsch and -in , prefixes are Windisch and Wendisch.
It is therefore a canting arm. Of Berlin's twelve boroughs , five bear a partly Slavic-derived name: Of its ninety-six neighborhoods, twenty-two bear a partly Slavic-derived name: The neighborhood of Moabit bears a French -derived name, and Französisch Buchholz is named after the Huguenots.
The earliest evidence of settlements in the area of today's Berlin are a wooden beam dated from approximately ,  and remnants of a house foundation dated to , found in excavations in Berlin Mitte.
Spandau is first mentioned in and Köpenick in , although these areas did not join Berlin until Cölln on the Fischerinsel is first mentioned in a document, and Berlin, across the Spree in what is now called the Nikolaiviertel , is referenced in a document from In , Frederick I became the elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg , which he ruled until The protests of the town citizens against the building culminated in , in the "Berlin Indignation" "Berliner Unwille".
After the royal palace was finished in , it gradually came into use. In , the electors and the city officially became Lutheran. The Thirty Years' War between and devastated Berlin.
One third of its houses were damaged or destroyed, and the city lost half of its population. Since , the Margraviate of Brandenburg had been in personal union with the Duchy of Prussia.
Berlin became the capital of the new Kingdom,  replacing Königsberg. This was a successful attempt to centralise the capital in the very far-flung state, and it was the first time the city began to grow.
The Industrial Revolution transformed Berlin during the 19th century; the city's economy and population expanded dramatically, and it became the main railway hub and economic centre of Germany.
Additional suburbs soon developed and increased the area and population of Berlin. In , neighbouring suburbs including Wedding , Moabit and several others were incorporated into Berlin.
In the early 20th century, Berlin had become a fertile ground for the German Expressionist movement. At the end of the First World War in , a republic was proclaimed by Philipp Scheidemann at the Reichstag building.
In , the Greater Berlin Act incorporated dozens of suburban cities, villages and estates around Berlin into an expanded city.
The population almost doubled and Berlin had a population of around four million. During the Weimar era , Berlin underwent political unrest due to economic uncertainties, but also became a renowned centre of the Roaring Twenties.
The metropolis experienced its heyday as a major world capital and was known for its leadership roles in science, technology, arts, the humanities, city planning, film, higher education, government and industries.
Albert Einstein rose to public prominence during his years in Berlin, being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in In , Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power.
NSDAP rule diminished Berlin's Jewish community from , one-third of all Jews in the country to about 80, as a result of emigration between and After Kristallnacht in , thousands of the city's Jews were imprisoned in the nearby Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
Starting in early , many were shipped to death camps , such as Auschwitz. The Allies dropped 67, tons of bombs on the city, destroying 6, acres of the built up area.
Around , civilians were killed. The victorious powers divided the city into four sectors, analogous to the occupation zones into which Germany was divided.
All four Allies shared administrative responsibilities for Berlin. However, in , when the Western Allies extended the currency reform in the Western zones of Germany to the three western sectors of Berlin, the Soviet Union imposed a blockade on the access routes to and from West Berlin, which lay entirely inside Soviet-controlled territory.
The Berlin airlift , conducted by the three western Allies, overcame this blockade by supplying food and other supplies to the city from June to May West Berlin officially remained an occupied city, but it politically was aligned with the Federal Republic of Germany despite West Berlin's geographic isolation.
The founding of the two German states increased Cold War tensions. West Berlin was surrounded by East German territory, and East Germany proclaimed the Eastern part as its capital, a move that was not recognised by the western powers.
East Berlin included most of the historic centre of the city. The West German government established itself in Bonn. Kennedy gave his " Ich bin ein Berliner " speech in , underlining the US support for the Western part of the city.
Berlin was completely divided. Although it was possible for Westerners to pass to the other side through strictly controlled checkpoints, for most Easterners travel to West Berlin or West Germany was prohibited by the government of East Germany.
In , with the end of the Cold War and pressure from the East German population, the Berlin Wall fell on 9 November and was subsequently mostly demolished.
Today, the East Side Gallery preserves a large portion of the wall. On 3 October , the two parts of Germany were reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin again became the official German capital.
In , the German Parliament, the Bundestag , voted to move the seat of the German capital from Bonn to Berlin, which was completed in On 18 June , soldiers from the United States, France and Britain marched in a parade which was part of the ceremonies to mark the final withdrawal of foreign troops allowing a reunified Berlin.
The number of boroughs was reduced from 23 to In , the German parliament voted to allow the reconstruction of the Berlin Palace , which started in and will be finished in In a terrorist attack linked to ISIL , a truck was deliberately driven into the Christmas market next to the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church , leaving 12 people dead and 56 others injured.
Berlin is situated in northeastern Germany , in an area of low-lying marshy woodlands with a mainly flat topography , part of the vast Northern European Plain which stretches all the way from northern France to western Russia.
The Berliner Urstromtal an ice age glacial valley , between the low Barnim Plateau to the north and the Teltow Plateau to the south, was formed by meltwater flowing from ice sheets at the end of the last Weichselian glaciation.
The Spree follows this valley now. In Spandau, a borough in the west of Berlin, the Spree empties into the river Havel , which flows from north to south through western Berlin.
Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley. The borough of Spandau lies partly within the Berlin Glacial Valley and partly on the Nauen Plain, which stretches to the west of Berlin.
Since , the highest elevation in Berlin is found on the Arkenberge hills in Pankow, at metres feet. Through the dumping of construction debris, they surpassed Teufelsberg Berlin has a "marine west coast" Cfb climate according to the Köppen climate classification system.
This type of climate features moderate summer temperatures and mild winters. Furthermore, Berlin is classified as a temperate continental climate Dc under the Trewartha climate scheme.
Spring and autumn are generally chilly to mild. Berlin's built-up area creates a microclimate, with heat stored by the city's buildings and pavement.
Snowfall mainly occurs from December through March. Berlin's history has left the city with a polycentric organization and a highly eclectic array of architecture and buildings.
The city's appearance today is predominantly shaped by the key role it played in Germany's history in the 20th century.
Berlin was devastated by bombing raids , fires and street battles during World War II, and many of the buildings that had remained after the war were demolished in the post-war period in both West and East Berlin.
Much of this demolition was initiated by municipal architecture programs to build new residential or business quarters and main roads.
Many ornaments of pre-war buildings were destroyed following modernist dogmas. While in both systems and in reunified Berlin, various important heritage monuments were also partly reconstructed , including the Forum Fridericianum with e.
A number of new buildings are inspired by historical predecessors or the general classical style of Berlin, such as Hotel Adlon.
Clusters of high-rise buildings emerge at disperse locations, e. Potsdamer Platz , City West , and Alexanderplatz , the latter two representing the previous centers of West and East Berlin, respectively, and the former representing the new Berlin of the 21st century built upon the previous no-man's land of the Berlin Wall.
Berlin has three of the top 40 tallest buildings in Germany. Built in , it is visible throughout most of the central districts of Berlin.
Starting here the Karl-Marx-Allee heads east, an avenue lined by monumental residential buildings, designed in the Socialist Classicism style.
Adjacent to this area is the Rotes Rathaus City Hall , with its distinctive red-brick architecture. In front of it is the Neptunbrunnen , a fountain featuring a mythological group of Tritons , personifications of the four main Prussian rivers and Neptune on top of it.
The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany; it stands as a symbol of eventful European history and of unity and peace.
The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament. It was remodelled by British architect Norman Foster in the s and features a glass dome over the session area, which allows free public access to the parliamentary proceedings and magnificent views of the city.
The East Side Gallery is an open-air exhibition of art painted directly on the last existing portions of the Berlin Wall.
It is the largest remaining evidence of the city's historical division. The Gendarmenmarkt is a neoclassical square in Berlin, the name of which derives from the headquarters of the famous Gens d'armes regiment located here in the 18th century.
It is bordered by two similarly designed cathedrals, the Französischer Dom with its observation platform and the Deutscher Dom. Restoration and construction of a main entrance to all museums, as well as reconstruction of the Stadtschloss continues.
Peter's Basilica in Rome. A large crypt houses the remains of some of the earlier Prussian royal family. Hedwig's Cathedral is Berlin's Roman Catholic cathedral.
Unter den Linden is a tree-lined east—west avenue from the Brandenburg Gate to the site of the former Berliner Stadtschloss, and was once Berlin's premier promenade.
Many Classical buildings line the street and part of Humboldt University is located there. It combines 20th-century traditions with the modern architecture of today's Berlin.
Potsdamer Platz is an entire quarter built from scratch after after the Wall came down. The area around Hackescher Markt is home to fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries.
This includes the Hackesche Höfe , a conglomeration of buildings around several courtyards, reconstructed around The nearby New Synagogue is the center of Jewish culture.
Its name commemorates the uprisings in East Berlin of 17 June This monument, built to commemorate Prussia's victories, was relocated in —39 from its previous position in front of the Reichstag.
The Kurfürstendamm is home to some of Berlin's luxurious stores with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church at its eastern end on Breitscheidplatz.
The church was destroyed in the Second World War and left in ruins. The Rathaus Schöneberg , where John F.
Kennedy made his famous " Ich bin ein Berliner! West of the center, Bellevue Palace is the residence of the German President. Charlottenburg Palace , which was burnt out in the Second World War, is the largest historical palace in Berlin.
The Oberbaumbrücke is Berlin's most iconic bridge, crossing the River Spree. It was a former East-West border crossing and connects the boroughs of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg.
It was completed in a brick gothic style in The center portion has been reconstructed with a steel frame after having been destroyed in The bridge has an upper deck for the Berlin U-Bahn line U 1.
On 30 June the city-state of Berlin had a population of 3. Berlin is the second most populous city proper in the EU.
The urban area of Berlin comprised about 4. The number of deaths was 32, More than , families with children under the age of 18 lived in Berlin. In the German capital registered a migration surplus of approximately 40, people.
National and international migration into the city has a long history. In , following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in France, the city responded with the Edict of Potsdam , which guaranteed religious freedom and tax-free status to French Huguenot refugees for ten years.
The Greater Berlin Act in incorporated many suburbs and surrounding cities of Berlin. It formed most of the territory that comprises modern Berlin and increased the population from 1.
Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin triggered waves of immigration in the s and s. Currently, Berlin is home to at least , Turkish and Turkish German residents,  making it the largest Turkish community outside of Turkey.
In the s the Aussiedlergesetze enabled immigration to Germany of some residents from the former Soviet Union. Today ethnic Germans from countries of the former Soviet Union make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community.
In December , there were , registered residents of foreign nationality and another , German citizens with a "migration background" Migrationshintergrund, MH ,  meaning they or one of their parents immigrated to Germany after Foreign residents of Berlin originate from approximately different countries.
German is the official and predominant spoken language in Berlin. It is a West Germanic language that derives most of its vocabulary from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.
German is one of 24 languages of the European Union,  and one of the three working languages of the European Commission. Berlinerisch or Berlinisch is not a dialect linguistically, but has features of Lausitzisch-neumärkisch dialects.
It is spoken in Berlin and the surrounding metropolitan area. It originates from a Mark Brandenburgish variant. The dialect is now seen more as a sociolect , largely through increased immigration and trends among the educated population to speak standard German in everyday life.
Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian are heard more often in the western part, due to the large Middle Eastern and former-Yugoslavian communities.
Religion in Berlin . In , approximately Of the estimated population of 30,—45, Jewish residents,  approximately 12, are registered members of religious organizations.
Furthermore, Berlin is the seat of many Orthodox cathedrals, such as the Cathedral of St. The faithful of the different religions and denominations maintain many places of worship in Berlin.
Berlin has more than 80 mosques,  11 synagogues, and two Buddhist temples. Since the reunification on 3 October , Berlin has been one of the three city states in Germany among the present 16 states of Germany.
The House of Representatives Abgeordnetenhaus functions as the city and state parliament, which currently has seats. Berlin's executive body is the Senate of Berlin Senat von Berlin.
The Senate consists of the Governing Mayor Regierender Bürgermeister and up to eight senators holding ministerial positions, one of them holding the title of "Mayor" Bürgermeister as deputy to the Governing Mayor.
Since this office has been held by Michael Müller of the Social Democrats. Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs or districts Bezirke.
Each borough is made up by a number of subdistricts or neighborhoods Ortsteile , which have historic roots in much older municipalities that predate the formation of Greater Berlin on 1 October These subdistricts became urbanized and incorporated into the city later on.
Many residents strongly identify with their neighbourhoods, colloquially called Kiez. At present, Berlin consists of 96 subdistricts, which are commonly made up of several smaller residential areas or quarters.
Each borough is governed by a borough council Bezirksamt consisting of five councilors Bezirksstadträte including the borough's mayor Bezirksbürgermeister.
The council is elected by the borough assembly Bezirksverordnetenversammlung. However, the individual boroughs are not independent municipalities, but subordinate to the Senate of Berlin.
The borough's mayors make up the council of mayors Rat der Bürgermeister , which is led by the city's Governing Mayor and advises the Senate.
The neighborhoods have no local government bodies. Berlin maintains official partnerships with 17 cities. East Berlin's partnerships were canceled at the time of German reunification but later partially reestablished.
West Berlin's partnerships had previously been restricted to the borough level. During the Cold War era, the partnerships had reflected the different power blocs, with West Berlin partnering with capitals in the Western World, and East Berlin mostly partnering with cities from the Warsaw Pact and its allies.
Berlin's official sister cities are: Berlin is the capital of the Federal Republic of Germany. The President of Germany , whose functions are mainly ceremonial under the German constitution , has their official residence in Bellevue Palace.
Facing the Chancellery is the Bundestag , the German Parliament, housed in the renovated Reichstag building since the government's relocation to Berlin in The Bundesrat "federal council", performing the function of an upper house is the representation of the Federal States Bundesländer of Germany and has its seat at the former Prussian House of Lords.
Reichstag , seat of the Bundestag. Federal Chancellery building , seat of the Chancellor of Germany.
The relocation of the federal government and Bundestag to Berlin was mostly completed in , however some ministries as well as some minor departments stayed in the federal city Bonn , the former capital of West Germany.
Discussions about moving the remaining ministries and departments to Berlin continue. Berlin hosts in total foreign embassies  as well as the headquarters of many think tanks, trade unions, non-profit organizations, lobbying groups, and professional associations.
Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant centre of German and European affairs.
Frequent official visits, and diplomatic consultations among governmental representatives and national leaders are common in contemporary Berlin.
In , the total labour force in Berlin was 1. The unemployment rate reached a year low in November and stood at Around , jobs were added in this period.
Important economic sectors in Berlin include life sciences, transportation, information and communication technologies, media and music, advertising and design, biotechnology, environmental services, construction, e-commerce, retail, hotel business, and medical engineering.
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